Best Backend Languages To Learn in 2023

Best Backend Languages To Learn in 2023

As a developer, you always want to stay ahead of the curve and keep your skills up to date. It can be tough to decide which language to learn next, but luckily we’ve compiled a list of the best backend languages to learn in 2023. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro, there’s something on this list for everyone. So grab your coffee and get ready to learn about the best backend languages out there!

PHP – still going strong after all these years, with a wide range of frameworks and CMSs available

Backend development has come a long way since the inception of PHP in 1994. Even after more than 25 years, it is still one of the most popular programming languages and frameworks for server-side development. It may be used to develop standalone programs, but as an interpreted language, it’s mostly used as a backend for web pages and dynamic applications. Over the last few years, vast improvements have been made to the language’s syntax and design that lets developers run their applications with minimal effort while maintaining immense scalability. Furtherm ore, several frameworks like Laravel and CMSs such as WordPress are available built on PHP and make complex tasks like network communication easier. Therefore, despite its age, PHP remains strong in backend development proving its popularity even after all these years.

Python – versatile and easy to learn, perfect for beginners

Python is quickly becoming one of the most popular coding languages due to its versatility and ease of learning. Perfect for beginners, it offers a great starting point for those looking to develop skills in programming. Allowing the creation of apps, websites, desktop programs and even backend developments, Python provides many options for those wanting to explore their coding abilities. One of its major benefits is that it’s readable syntax makes understanding difficult concepts easier than with other languages. With new libraries constantly being released, learning Python puts developers at the forefront of an ever-changing market. Those just starting out can benefit greatly from its simplicity yet be prepared for more complex coding practices as they progress.

Java – the go-to language for enterprise applications

Java is a popular programming language used by developers all over the world. It is considered one of the most powerful and versatile languages available, making it the de facto language for enterprise applications. In particular, Java is well-known for its robust backend capabilities, since it provides stability and reliability even when serving large volumes of data. As a result, organizations that depend on complex systems are often quick to select Java as their primary language. Moreover, since Java has been around so long there is a vast amount of resources available to assist in application development — making it much easier than learning a new language from scratch. With this in mind, those requiring strong performance from their custom software should not overlook Java’s potential.

Ruby on Rails – perfect for building web applications quickly and efficiently

Ruby on Rails is a backend web development framework that makes building modern web applications fast and easy. It was designed to cut out mundane tasks such as configuring databases and authentication, allowing developers to jump straight into coding the main features of their application. What sets it apart from other frameworks is its lightweight approach, allowing for faster coding cycles and efficient deployment processes. By leveraging existing plugins, configurations, and APIs, Ruby on Rails reduces complexity in development projects allowing teams to quickly launch functional products. It is the perfect solution for businesses looking to build a web application quickly and efficiently.

Node.js – perfect for real-time applications such as chatbots or gaming servers

Backend developers who need to build out fast and responsive web applications should look no further than Node.js. Developed on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine, this open-source runtime environment lets programmers create quickly and scale easily without running into resource issues like memory leaks. Thus it is perfect for real-time applications such as chatbots or gaming servers that require low latency to allow for smooth user interactions. It can also be used for IoT projects and microservices implementations allowing developers to develop fast prototypes and make products much more quickly. With its highly adaptable nature, Node’s popularity has surged over the last few years not only in backend but frontend development as well due to its deceptively simple syntax and immense scalability.


If you’re looking to get started in coding, any of these languages would be a great choice. PHP has been around for a long time and is still going strong, with a wide range of frameworks and CMSs available. Python is versatile and easy to learn, perfect for beginners. Java is the go-to language for enterprise applications. Ruby on Rails is perfect for building web applications quickly and efficiently. Node.js is perfect for real-time applications such as chatbots or gaming servers. Whichever language you choose, you’ll be able to build amazing things!

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